As summer heats up in New Jersey, so does the population of one of the most ubiquitous insects: flies. From buzzing around our picnic tables to infiltrating our homes, flies seem to be everywhere during the warmer months. But what exactly are these pesky insects, and why are they so prevalent in New Jersey?

The Diversity of Flies:
Contrary to popular belief, not all flies are the same. In fact, flies belong to the order Diptera, which includes over 150,000 species worldwide. In New Jersey alone, there are hundreds of species of flies, each with its own unique characteristics and behaviors.

Common Fly Species in New Jersey:
Some of the most common fly species found in New Jersey include:

House Flies: House flies are perhaps the most recognizable fly species, known for their gray color and habit of buzzing around homes and garbage cans in search of food.
Fruit Flies: Fruit flies are tiny flies with red eyes and a penchant for fermenting fruit. They can be a nuisance in homes and kitchens, especially during the summer months.
Cluster Flies: Cluster flies are larger than house flies and often gather in large numbers around windows and doors. They are attracted to warm, sunny areas and can be a nuisance in homes and buildings.
Blow Flies: Blow flies are metallic blue or green flies that are often found around decaying organic matter, such as dead animals or garbage. They play an important role in the decomposition process but can be unwelcome guests in homes.
The Role of Flies in the Ecosystem:
While flies may be seen as pests by humans, they play a crucial role in the ecosystem. Many fly species serve as decomposers, breaking down organic matter and recycling nutrients back into the environment. Flies also serve as important food sources for birds, bats, and other insect-eating animals.

Controlling Fly Populations:
While flies serve important ecological functions, no one wants to deal with a fly infestation in their home or yard. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to control fly populations and minimize their impact:

Practice good sanitation by keeping garbage cans clean and tightly sealed.
Remove sources of food and moisture, such as spilled beverages or pet waste.
Use fly traps or insecticides to target adult flies.
Seal cracks and gaps in windows and doors to prevent flies from entering buildings.
While flies may be a common sight in New Jersey during the summer months, understanding their behavior and taking proactive measures can help minimize their impact on our daily lives. By practicing good sanitation, controlling fly populations, and appreciating the important role that flies play in the ecosystem, we can coexist with these buzzing insects in harmony.

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